Parts of Speech

PART OF SPEECH

FUNCTION OR "JOB"

EXAMPLE WORDS

EXAMPLE SENTENCES

Verb

action

 

work, sing, hop,walk

See Fred walked down the step.

 

linking

am,is,are,was,

were, appear, to be

become, feel, look

seem, smell

The soupsmellsdelicious.

He is a boy.

Noun

person,place,

thing or idea.

 

noun markers:a,an,

the

dog, idea, music, town, London, teacher, John

This is adog. He lives in thehouse. We live in the house onLondon St..

Adjective

describes a noun

a/an, the, 2, some, good, big, red, well, interesting

I havetwodogs. My dogs arebig. I likebig dogs.

Adverb

describes a verb, adjective or adverb

quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really

My dog eatsquickly. When he isvery hungry, he eatsreally quickly.

Pronoun

replaces a noun

I, you, he, she, some

Tara is Indian.Sheis beautiful.

Preposition

links a noun to another word

to, at, after, on, but

We wenttoschoolon Monday.

 

 

 

 

 

Conjunctions

 

 

 

 

 

Coordinating

Joins words

There are only seven coordinating conjunctions and

remembered by using the acronym “FANBOYS”: for, and, nor, but, or, yet and so.

I like catsand dogs.

I like dogs, horses and cats.

Correlative

 

 

 

2 words !

Either/or, both/and, neither/nor,not only/but/also

Both Rodney and Xing made the varsity

 

team this year.

Subordinate

Connects two groups of words(clauses) by making one into a subordinating clause. answering the questions “when” or “why”

 

 

 

 

 

 

Text Box: I can go shopping after I finish studying for my exam. (when) The weather was great so, Fred decided to take a walk. (why)

Interjection

short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence

oh!, ouch!, hi!, well, Jeepers, Yes,No

Ouch! That hurts!Hi! How are you?Well, I don't know.

Asimple sentenceis a sentence with just oneindependent clause:

 

Judy laughed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acompound sentencecontains at least two independent clauses:

Judy laughed and Jimmy cried.

Acomplex sentencecontains an independent clause and at least onedependent clause:

 

Jimmy cried when Judy laughed at his blue shirt.

Acompound-complex sentencecontains two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause:

 

Judy laughed and Jimmy cried when the clowns ran past theirstroller.

Predicate Nominative

 

complete only linking verbs.

 

Curt's favorite toy is his big truck.

Predicate Pronoun

Pronoun and the subject are one and the same person.

Predicate pronouns include me, her, him, us, it, them and you

John

gave the ball to him.

John and Fred are going swimming with them.

Predicate Adjectives

 

A predicate adjective is anadjectivethat follows alinking verb refers back to) thesubjectof the linking verb.



 

Fred seems tired.

 

Mary looks sad.

A declarativesentencestates a fact or an argument and ends with a period.

Declarative sentences are by far the most common type of sentence.

 

 

See the dog.

 

I was going to go to school, but it was raining too hard.

 


An
imperative sentenceis a command or a polite request. It ends with an exclamation mark or period.

 

Please bring my umbrella.

 

 

Sit down now!

 

An exclamatory sentence expresses excitement or emotion. It ends with an exclamation mark (!)

What did you do to my homework !!

 

 

 

The terminterrogative sentenceis another name for a question.

 

 

What is your name?